Family planning -: is not synonymous with birth control; it is more than mere birth control. A WHO Expert Committee ( 1970) has stated that family planning included
These activities vary from country to country according to national objectives and policies with regard to family planning . This is the modern concept of family planning.
Abstinence :- Sound in theory but difficult to practice . We will cause temperamental changes and mental break down.
Coitus interrupts :- It is widely practice . The pre coital secretion contains the spermatozoa can cause pregnancy . Even a drop or a single spermatozoa is sufficient to cause pregnancy the common complication is pelvic congestion . Pregnancy rate very high.
It is partly provide the physical barrier partial as spermicital . The foam tablet is placed deep in vagina 5 to 10 minutes before intercourse.
They are made of synthetic rubber or latex have spermidal liquid .
Diaphragm and cervical cap
It is synthetic rubber or plastic it is mechanical devise which protect the spermatozoa to enter in cervical canal it is inserted as deep in vagina as much as possible so that no gap in rim of diaphragm and vagina drop with spermical wash or jelly felted before I/C.
Advantage :- it is cheap.
Disadvantage :- Failure rate 10-15 %. It is to be fit by doctor or nurse .
Disadvantage :- It used be used only in health cervix and long cervix.
Vault cap :- Same as diaphragm & cervical caps is used in small cervix .
Intra Uterine device b
Useful side effect:-